Global Health Forecast For 2016: Which Diseases Will Rise … Or Fall?

No one predicted the Ebola epidemic before it burst forth in 2014 and continued to claim lives throughout 2015. And so, as 2016 begins, readers might well wonder what biological culprits — parasites, bacteria and viruses — are lurking out there, ready to unleash another outbreak of something terrible on an unsuspecting world.

We put the question to four infectious disease experts: What are your best educated guesses about the big global health stories in 2016?

Before making any predictions, Dr. Dyann Wirth, chair of the Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases at the Harvard School of Public Health, wanted to take an optimistic look back. Three researchers shared the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work in discovering treatments for malaria, river blindness and lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis. “We’re at a very interesting time in global health,” says Wirth. “That these diseases were recognized by the

A Health In Harmony Volunteer Goes to COP21

Over 40,000 civil society observers, government delegation members, heads of state (from over 190 countries), lawyers, negotiators, policymakers, healthcare professionals, scientists, students (the list goes on…) gathered in Paris the last two weeks to come to a global agreement about where we stand, where we are headed, and more specifically, what needs to be done about rapid climate change and its impact on people and planet. That’s no small order.

This was my second time attending the UN Climate Negotiations. I have had the opportunity to work with both civil society organizations (last year at COP20 in Lima, Peru) and government delegations (this year, with the country of Seychelles and other small island developing states). On this global, UN level, I work to advocate for a fair, equitable, and legally binding global agreement, especially in terms of gender justice and human and indigenous rights.

This year, with better planning and more time, I was also able to incorporate the work that I like to be involved with on-the-ground – tropical forests and health care. After spending my summer in Sukadana, I wanted to understand how a program like ASRI fits into the global climate agenda.

How Heroin And Opioids Hijack The Brain

When Jack O’Connor was 19, he was so desperate to beat his addictions to alcohol and opioids that he took a really rash step. He joined the Marines.

“This will fix me,” O’Connor thought as he went to boot camp. “It better fix me or I’m screwed.”

After 13 weeks of sobriety and exercise and discipline, O’Connor completed basic training, but he started using again immediately.

“Same thing,” he says. “Percocet, like, off the street. Pills.”

Percocet is the brand name for acetaminophen and oxycodone. Oxycodone is a powerful opioid. It’s one of the most commonly prescribed painkillers, and is a key factor in one of the country’s most pressing public health problems — an opioid addiction epidemic. It is a crisis that started, in part, from the overprescription of painkillers like Percocet, and then shifted to heroin as people addicted to prescription drugs looked for a cheaper high.

O’Connor is one of an estimated 2.5 million Americans addicted to opioids and heroin, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Over three years, he detoxed from prescription painkillers — and heroin — more than 20 times. Each time, he started using again.

Cialis, Viagra or Kamagra – Which one is the best?

There are many people asking the same question – which is the best drug for treating erectile dysfunction? Of course, there is no universal answer to this question because some men had success with one of these pills while others found others to be more effective. All these drugs have differences and similarities and by learning more about them, you should be able to find that will provide the best results for you.

What is Kamagra?

Kamagra is a pharmaceutical drug used to treat impotence in men. It works by relaxing blood vessels in the genital area and boosting blood circulation which results in very strong erection. They work only when the man is sexually stimulated. Kamagra pills contain sildenafil, the same active ingredient found in Viagra. Besides sildenafil, Kamagra contains calcium hydrogen phosphate, hypromeliose, triacetin and croscarmellose sodium. It is good to mention that Kamagra lasts for about 4 hours and they should be taken about 60 minutes before the sexual intercourse begins. You can learn more about Kamagra and order Kamagra here http://www.aptekakamagra.pl/kamagra.html.

What is Cialis?

If there is one thing that makes Cialis special, that’s the duration of the effects it provides. According to the manufacturers and users, Cialis can

The rainforests hold the key to taming El Niño’s destruction

Indonesia is smouldering and Godzilla is to blame. But even though this is reality, not a monster movie, there is still a hero: the tropical rainforest.<">This year’s El Niño, the ocean-traveling climate cycle notorious for throwing the weather off kilter, is nicknamed “Godzilla”. While it is projected to deliver plenty of rain to some parts of the world, including drought-parched California, it is already causing dangerously dry conditions in the tropics. Papua New Guinea, for example, is experiencing its worst drought in decades, which spells doom for coffee and food crops.

The last time El Niño was this intense, in 1997, five million hectares of rainforest went up in smoke in Indonesia at a time when rain usually falls in sheets. The forest fires generated gigatonnes of carbon dioxide, equivalent to 13-40% of the world’s fossil fuel emissions at the time. The resulting haze, which spanned an area from northern Australia to the Philippines to Sri Lanka, caused widespread health problems and grounded airplanes.

With six of Indonesia’s provinces on high alert and fires raging,

David Cameron pledges ‘assault on poverty’ with social reforms

The PM said new mothers and teenagers with anorexia were among those who would benefit from improved services.

He also promised to flatten “sink estates”, help families save, and more funding for parenting classes.

Labour said the PM had previously cut mental health spending, and the new pledges were “too little, too late”.

Mr Cameron defended controversial education reforms, and praised “Tiger Mothers” who pushed children to succeed.

It was “the precise opposite of the ‘all must have prizes’ culture”, he said, insisting that “children thrive on high expectation”.

Setting out what he called a “lifecycle approach” at the charity Family Action in north London, Mr Cameron said many people now experienced “paucity of opportunity” rather than material poverty – although he acknowledged some of the latter did still exist.

Reforms would focus on four key areas – family life and early years; education; equal opportunity; and treatable problems such as mental health and addiction.

Media captionWatch: David Cameron on mental health spending plans and ministers’ freedom on EU referendum

Improving family life was “the best anti-poverty measure ever”, he said, promising to double funding for relationship

Achilles tendon diagnosis methods

The Achilles tendon is a strong, fibrous band that connects the calf muscle to the heel. Two muscles form the calf, the underlying soleus and the thick outer gastrocnemius. Together they form the gastroc-soleus muscle group. When these muscles contract, they pull on the Achilles tendon, causing the foot to point down and helps to rise on the toes. This powerful muscle group helps when jumping, climbing. Several different problems can occur that may affect the Achilles tendon, some may be minor and some quite severe. It is not entirely clear that why this problem is caused in some person and not in others. Changes in the normal alignment of the foot and lag may be part of the problem. Person with one leg shorter that the other is at increased risk of Achilles tendon problems. For the athlete, sudden increase in training may be a key factor. Other risk factors may also include obesity, diabetes, exposure to steroids and taking antibiotics. Some individuals can strands of the tendon that may become jumbled due to the degeneration, other fibers break, and the tendon will also loses strength. Tiny tears in the tissue around the tendon occur with overuse

Alcohol limits cut to reduce health risks

The UK’s chief medical officers say new research shows any amount of alcohol can increase the risk of cancer.

The new advice says men and women who drink regularly should consume no more than 14 units a week – equivalent to six pints of beer or seven glasses of wine.

Pregnant women should not drink at all.

It also says if people drink, it should be moderately over three or more days and that some days should be alcohol-free.

Nor should people “save up” their units and drink them all in one or two goes. Heavy drinking sessions increase the risk of accidents and injury, it says.

Low-level drinking

The guidance marks the first full review of alcohol guidelines since 1995, although updated advice on drinking in pregnancy and for young people was published in 2007 and 2009 respectively.

In relation to pregnant women, the new guidelines bring the rest of the UK in line with Scotland and recommend that pregnant women should not drink at all.

It marks a subtle shift from previous guidance for people in England, Wales and Northern Ireland which, while suggesting they should not

Ending Teen Smoking

A recent survey found that only 9% of teens in the United States smoke cigarettes. That’s down from 23% in 2000. It’s less than the numbers of landlines still in use and the number of VHS tapes sold in 2013. While this is good news for America’s overall health, tobacco use is still a problem.

Cigarettes have been linked to cancer, lung disease, diabetes, heart conditions, and high blood pressure. Despite knowing the health effects, teenagers still smoke. According to the American Lung Association, every day almost 3,900 children under 18 years of age try their first cigarette, and more than 950 of them will become daily smokers. If the trend continues at its current rate, 5.8 million children alive today will die as a result of smoking.

The Truth campaign is working to end teenage smoking all together. Their latest #FinishIt series uses social media to spread awareness about the dangers of smoking. “If we all join forces – smokers and non-smokers – we can end smoking once and for all,” the campaign website states. The campaign encourages teens to not judge, but instead to learn the facts.

Treat your Skin Cosmetically with successful Dermatological Procedures

Our skin is an extremely sensitive part of our body that requires regular looking after and care in order to keep unwanted ailments at bay. Apart from the medical conditions like rashes and cancer, the skin endures a whole lot of cosmetic flaws which need to be attended to, in order to appear good. The advancement of science and technology has allowed the inclusion of numerous cosmetic dermatological procedures in today’s world.

The American society of Plastic Surgeons, every year conducts a survey to find out the most popular cosmetic treatments of dermatology, based on that, the following are most popular ones. Among the various places that you can avail of the following treatments, DermASAP, a dermatology specialist service around the Boston communities is very reliable. There is great variety of alternative treatments that you can select from depending upon your requirement.

In fact, the famous dermatologist, Dr. Kenneth Reed is the head of the faculty at this service provider. His experience and the joint efforts of his able and efficient team of doctors conducts each and every procedure with utmost precision and success. All types of dermatological treatments are available here, be it surgical, cosmetic or even medical.

Occupying the first

Cialis, Viagra or Kamagra – Which one is the best?

There are many people asking the same question – which is the best drug for treating erectile dysfunction? Of course, there is no universal answer to this question because some men had success with one of these pills while others found others to be more effective. All these drugs have differences and similarities and by learning more about them, you should be able to find that will provide the best results for you.

What is Kamagra?

Kamagra is a pharmaceutical drug used to treat impotence in men. It works by relaxing blood vessels in the genital area and boosting blood circulation which results in very strong erection. They work only when the man is sexually stimulated. Kamagra pills contain sildenafil, the same active ingredient found in Viagra. Besides sildenafil, Kamagra contains calcium hydrogen phosphate, hypromeliose, triacetin and croscarmellose sodium. It is good to mention that Kamagra lasts for about 4 hours and they should be taken about 60 minutes before the sexual intercourse begins. You can learn more about Kamagra and order Kamagra here http://www.aptekakamagra.pl/kamagra.html.

What is Cialis?

What Makes a Healthy Diet?

A healthy diet doesn’t require a lot of money or newfangled appliances or subsisting on any kind of scheme that sounds like a gimmick. Because it’s true what they say about what seems too good to be true: Eating well means listening to that little voice inside that knows what healthy foods generally look like – fresh and recognizable in nature – and what they don’t – prepackaged and processed.

That sensibility may not fit so well with our on-demand culture, where we want results now – be it dinner or weight loss. But if you want a program that works for the long run, you’ll need a lifestyle you can live with and like. That means a diet that’s nutritious and delicious, but one that will take a bit of planning and commitment from you.

“People are

Big Backpacks Equal Big Problems

Like little turtles with limbs poking out from their shells, kids shuffle their way to school every day wearing giant backpacks. Even high school students have to bend forward to lug their heavy books and binders to and from school. It’s frustrating and looks a little silly, but is it dangerous?

Yes, say many experts. “Kids are saying ‘My back hurts, my neck and my shoulders hurt,’” says Dr. Karen Jacobs, a clinical professor at Boston University. “A heavy backpack can also contribute to headaches and problems concentrating at school.”

Jacobs is also a spokesperson for the American Occupational Therapy Association, which sponsors a national school backpack awareness day on September 16. She says crowded schools and less locker space may be making backpacks bigger. “Since at least 1998, we’ve noticed backpacks getting bigger and heavier, and not in proportion to the kids’ sizes,” Jacobs says.

Reporting Back Pain

A 2010 study from the University of California, San Diego, concluded, “backpack loads are responsible for a significant amount of back pain in children.” The same study says a full third of kids ages 11 to 14

The Health Benefits of Water

Did you know that your body weight is approximately 60 percent water? Your body uses water in all its cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate its temperature and maintain other bodily functions. Because your body loses water through breathing, sweating, and digestion, it’s important to rehydrate by drinking fluids and eating foods that contain water. The amount of water you need depends on a variety of factors, including the climate you live in, how physically active you are, and whether you’re experiencing an illness or have any other health problems.

Water Protects Your Tissues, Spinal Cord, and Joints

Water does more than just quench your thirst and regulate your body’s temperature; it also keeps the tissues in your body moist. You know how it feels when your eyes, nose, or mouth gets dry? Keeping your body hydrated helps it retain optimum levels of moisture in these sensitive areas, as well as in the blood, bones, and the brain. In addition, water helps protect the spinal cord, and it acts as a lubricant and cushion for your joints.

Water Helps Your Body Remove Waste

Adequate water intake enables your body to excrete waste through perspiration, urination, and

Allergies linked to obesity

Sometimes, the body’s immune system goes into overdrive. It’s meant to fight disease and foreign microbes. But at times it may inappropriately fight against healthy parts of its own body. This is known as autoimmune disease. Common examples include asthma and allergies. Children with such diseases face a higher than normal risk of becoming overweight and developing conditions that could lead to heart disease, a study now finds.

During an asthma attack, the airways in the lungs swell and fill with mucus, making it difficult to get air in and out.

National Institute of Health: National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute

Asthma is a disease affecting the lungs’ airways. It can make it hard to breathe. Eczema (EX-eh-mah) is an autoimmune disease that makes the skin rough, itchy and red. Allergies act up when the body thinks something harmless in the environment is actually dangerous and then tries to fight it.

Jonathan Silverberg looked for people with any of these conditions who had been interviewed as part of a major U.S. health survey. Silverberg works at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, Ill. As a dermatologist there, he treats skin disorders, such as eczema.

Diabetes Health Center

A new nasal spray might make rescue care easier for diabetics who are woozy or even unconscious due to severe low blood sugar, a new clinical trial suggests.

The nasal spray contains powdered glucagon, a hormone that causes a prompt increase in blood sugar levels.

The trial results showed that the nasal spray is nearly as effective in treating hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) as the only option currently available, a glucagon powder that must be mixed with water, drawn into a syringe and then injected into muscle.

Because it is almost as effective but much easier to administer to an ailing person, the nasal spray could become the go-to treatment for severe hypoglycemia, said Dr. George Grunberger, a clinical professor at Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit and president of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. He was not involved in the study.

“This intranasal spray is a big deal,” Grunberger said. “This is something which people have been crying for, for years. It was only a matter of time before something more practical came onto the market.”

People with diabetes trying to walk the tightrope of precise blood sugar

David Cameron pledges ‘assault on poverty’ with social reforms

Over 40,000 civil society observers, government delegation members, heads of state (from over 190 countries), lawyers, negotiators, policymakers, healthcare professionals, scientists, students (the list goes on…) gathered in Paris the last two weeks to come to a global agreement about where we stand, where we are headed, and more specifically, what needs to be done about rapid climate change and its impact on people and planet. That’s no small order.

This was my second time attending the UN Climate Negotiations. I have had the opportunity to work with both civil society organizations (last year at COP20 in Lima, Peru) and government delegations (this year, with the country of Seychelles and other small island developing states). On this global, UN level, I work to advocate for a fair, equitable, and legally binding global agreement, especially in terms of gender justice and human and indigenous rights.

This year, with better planning and more time, I was also able to incorporate the work that I like to be involved with on-the-ground – tropical forests and health care. After spending my summer in Sukadana, I wanted to understand how a program like ASRI fits into the global climate agenda.

With this in mind, I was keen on

FDA Moves to Keep Teens Out of Tanning Beds

Citing a rise in skin cancer among young people, the FDA proposed rules Friday that would keep anyone under the age of 18 from using high-powered UV sunlamps, such as those in tanning beds.

Under the new rules, anyone 18 and over will also be required to sign a waiver every 6 months that says they understand that using these lamps has health risks that include burns and skin cancers.

Tanning lamps give off ultraviolet radiation that’s 10 to 15 times stronger than the midday sun, said Vasum Peiris, MD, MPH, of the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health, in a news conference.

Skin damage caused by the UV radiation adds up over a person’s lifetime, so the concentrated doses delivered by tanning beds are especially dangerous for children and teens.

In 2014, the FDA reclassified tanning beds from lower risk to moderate risk devices. They also required them to carry the strongest type of safety caution, a black-box warning stating they shouldn’t be used by anyone under age 18, those with open wounds or injuries, or people with a family history of skin cancer. The agency

Internal Medicine Specialist- the Doctor’s Doctor in a Nutshell.

Well if there are problems, there will be solutions. Similarly, if there are diseases, there will be treatments as well. But what if the disease never gets diagnosed? Then will the right treatment procedure be taken by the physicians? There’s enough discussion already done on it, and most of the experts have resented to one particular fact, without diagnosis treatment is definitely not possible. Internal medicine is that particular part of the medical world deals specifically with the diagnosis of the diseases and finds out preventive methods for the diseases in adults as well as non surgical health issues in the adults. Known, popularly as the internists, these doctors have even been given the title of ‘doctor’s doctors’ by many. The reason behind this is most of the physicians often need to take the help of these internal medicine specialists to diagnose the health problems which are puzzling as well as tricky.

Vijaya Prakash Boggala, a renowned name in the similar filed states that the key behind the success of the internal medicine specialists is their concept of treating the entire body as a whole, and not focusing on any particular section of the body. Many go by the pre